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Better Matplotlib support in Jupyter



  • I want to turn off inline plots in Jupyter because it ruins/distorts the quality of the chart. Normally in Jupyter you just issue a %matplotlib in the beginning of your script to get the plot to pop in a separate window in much better quality.

    However doing this in Backtrader results in:

    C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\backtrader\plot\__init__.py:30: UserWarning: 
    This call to matplotlib.use() has no effect because the backend has already
    been chosen; matplotlib.use() must be called *before* pylab, matplotlib.pyplot,
    or matplotlib.backends is imported for the first time.
    
    The backend was *originally* set to 'Qt5Agg' by the following code:
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\runpy.py", line 193, in _run_module_as_main
        "__main__", mod_spec)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\runpy.py", line 85, in _run_code
        exec(code, run_globals)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel_launcher.py", line 16, in <module>
        app.launch_new_instance()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\traitlets\config\application.py", line 658, in launch_instance
        app.start()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\kernelapp.py", line 478, in start
        self.io_loop.start()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\zmq\eventloop\ioloop.py", line 177, in start
        super(ZMQIOLoop, self).start()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\tornado\ioloop.py", line 888, in start
        handler_func(fd_obj, events)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\tornado\stack_context.py", line 277, in null_wrapper
        return fn(*args, **kwargs)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\zmq\eventloop\zmqstream.py", line 440, in _handle_events
        self._handle_recv()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\zmq\eventloop\zmqstream.py", line 472, in _handle_recv
        self._run_callback(callback, msg)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\zmq\eventloop\zmqstream.py", line 414, in _run_callback
        callback(*args, **kwargs)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\tornado\stack_context.py", line 277, in null_wrapper
        return fn(*args, **kwargs)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\kernelbase.py", line 281, in dispatcher
        return self.dispatch_shell(stream, msg)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\kernelbase.py", line 232, in dispatch_shell
        handler(stream, idents, msg)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\kernelbase.py", line 397, in execute_request
        user_expressions, allow_stdin)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\ipkernel.py", line 208, in do_execute
        res = shell.run_cell(code, store_history=store_history, silent=silent)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\zmqshell.py", line 533, in run_cell
        return super(ZMQInteractiveShell, self).run_cell(*args, **kwargs)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2728, in run_cell
        interactivity=interactivity, compiler=compiler, result=result)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2850, in run_ast_nodes
        if self.run_code(code, result):
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2910, in run_code
        exec(code_obj, self.user_global_ns, self.user_ns)
      File "<ipython-input-1-d92e3213a0f2>", line 2, in <module>
        get_ipython().run_line_magic('matplotlib', '')
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2095, in run_line_magic
        result = fn(*args,**kwargs)
      File "<decorator-gen-108>", line 2, in matplotlib
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\magic.py", line 187, in <lambda>
        call = lambda f, *a, **k: f(*a, **k)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\magics\pylab.py", line 99, in matplotlib
        gui, backend = self.shell.enable_matplotlib(args.gui)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2978, in enable_matplotlib
        pt.activate_matplotlib(backend)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\pylabtools.py", line 308, in activate_matplotlib
        matplotlib.pyplot.switch_backend(backend)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\pyplot.py", line 232, in switch_backend
        matplotlib.use(newbackend, warn=False, force=True)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\__init__.py", line 1305, in use
        reload(sys.modules['matplotlib.backends'])
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\importlib\__init__.py", line 166, in reload
        _bootstrap._exec(spec, module)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\backends\__init__.py", line 14, in <module>
        line for line in traceback.format_stack()
    
    
      matplotlib.use('TkAgg')
    C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\backtrader\plot\plot.py:127: UserWarning: 
    This call to matplotlib.use() has no effect because the backend has already
    been chosen; matplotlib.use() must be called *before* pylab, matplotlib.pyplot,
    or matplotlib.backends is imported for the first time.
    
    The backend was *originally* set to 'Qt5Agg' by the following code:
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\runpy.py", line 193, in _run_module_as_main
        "__main__", mod_spec)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\runpy.py", line 85, in _run_code
        exec(code, run_globals)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel_launcher.py", line 16, in <module>
        app.launch_new_instance()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\traitlets\config\application.py", line 658, in launch_instance
        app.start()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\kernelapp.py", line 478, in start
        self.io_loop.start()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\zmq\eventloop\ioloop.py", line 177, in start
        super(ZMQIOLoop, self).start()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\tornado\ioloop.py", line 888, in start
        handler_func(fd_obj, events)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\tornado\stack_context.py", line 277, in null_wrapper
        return fn(*args, **kwargs)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\zmq\eventloop\zmqstream.py", line 440, in _handle_events
        self._handle_recv()
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\zmq\eventloop\zmqstream.py", line 472, in _handle_recv
        self._run_callback(callback, msg)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\zmq\eventloop\zmqstream.py", line 414, in _run_callback
        callback(*args, **kwargs)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\tornado\stack_context.py", line 277, in null_wrapper
        return fn(*args, **kwargs)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\kernelbase.py", line 281, in dispatcher
        return self.dispatch_shell(stream, msg)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\kernelbase.py", line 232, in dispatch_shell
        handler(stream, idents, msg)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\kernelbase.py", line 397, in execute_request
        user_expressions, allow_stdin)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\ipkernel.py", line 208, in do_execute
        res = shell.run_cell(code, store_history=store_history, silent=silent)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\ipykernel\zmqshell.py", line 533, in run_cell
        return super(ZMQInteractiveShell, self).run_cell(*args, **kwargs)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2728, in run_cell
        interactivity=interactivity, compiler=compiler, result=result)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2850, in run_ast_nodes
        if self.run_code(code, result):
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2910, in run_code
        exec(code_obj, self.user_global_ns, self.user_ns)
      File "<ipython-input-1-d92e3213a0f2>", line 2, in <module>
        get_ipython().run_line_magic('matplotlib', '')
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2095, in run_line_magic
        result = fn(*args,**kwargs)
      File "<decorator-gen-108>", line 2, in matplotlib
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\magic.py", line 187, in <lambda>
        call = lambda f, *a, **k: f(*a, **k)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\magics\pylab.py", line 99, in matplotlib
        gui, backend = self.shell.enable_matplotlib(args.gui)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\interactiveshell.py", line 2978, in enable_matplotlib
        pt.activate_matplotlib(backend)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\IPython\core\pylabtools.py", line 308, in activate_matplotlib
        matplotlib.pyplot.switch_backend(backend)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\pyplot.py", line 232, in switch_backend
        matplotlib.use(newbackend, warn=False, force=True)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\__init__.py", line 1305, in use
        reload(sys.modules['matplotlib.backends'])
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\importlib\__init__.py", line 166, in reload
        _bootstrap._exec(spec, module)
      File "C:\Users\Soren\Anaconda3\envs\CCXTbt2\lib\site-packages\matplotlib\backends\__init__.py", line 14, in <module>
        line for line in traceback.format_stack()
    
    
      matplotlib.use('nbagg')
    

    I should say that it does actually pop the chart in a new window but I would like to get rid of the errors in the trace. Any ideas?

    What is Matplotlib instantiated as in Backtrader?





  • @Paska-Houso said in Better Matplotlib support in Jupyter:

    iplot=False

    Sorry missed that one in the docs. Damm love this community !!! Thx!