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Machine learning + backtrader

  • administrators

    From the Quantopian Lecture on Kalman.

    The KalmanMovingAverage should be something like this. The actual calculation can yield values already with the 2nd data tick, but to make it similar to other moving averages and avoid the actual very steep ramp-up phase (seen in the Quantopian chart), the period parameter is used to decide when to start delivering values, skipping the initial warm-up.

    import pykalman
    class KMA(bt.indicators.MovingAverageBase):
        alias = ('KalmanMovingAverage',)
        lines = ('kma',)
        params = (
            ('initial_state_covariance', 1.0),
            ('observation_covariance', 1.0),
            ('transition_covariance', 0.05),
        def __init__(self):
            self.addminperiod(self.p.period)  # when to deliver values
            self._dlast =  # get previous day value
        def nextstart(self):
            self._k1 = self._dlast[0]
            self._c1 = self.p.initial_state_covariance
            self._kf = pykalman.KalmanFilter(
        def next(self):
            k1, self._c1 = self._kf.filter_update(self._k1, self._c1,[0])
            self.lines.kma[0] = self._k1 = k1

    An example getting it compared to the SimpleMovingAverage and ExponentialMovingAverage.


  • @junajo10 Do you have any suggestions for the Half Life algorithm? I have run across a couple of them which give vastly different results.

    Here is what I have with the alternate calculation commented out.

    lag = series.shift(1)
    lag.ix[0] = lag.ix[1]
    s_ret = series - lag
    s_ret.ix[0] = s_ret.ix[1]
    lag2 = sm.add_constant(lag)
    model = sm.OLS(s_ret, lag2)
    res =
    # halflife = round(-np.log(2) / res.params[1], 0)
    halflife = np.log(0.5) / np.log(np.abs(res.params[1]))

  • administrators

    Some additional reference would be needed.

  • I've found this link which offers other links to relevant info and the resulting two algorithms I have attempted. Values of the two formulas are very different with one of the formulas returning negative values. As I understand Half-Life of a time series, it indicates some time value for complete cycle of the reversion to mean process. However, given the results, I'm not quite grasping the measurement value and how it applies to the concept of "time".

  • @backtrader @administrators How to update my ML model(example decision tree)after 30 next (bar, cycle)? Pls write example code? :)

  • @chuka

    Initialize counter in the __init()__, add 1 to the counter every next() call. If it equals to 30 call your function and zero counter. You may want to call your function also at the very beginning of the cycle in the prenext() call.

  • ok, many thanks @ab_trader